**PHYS 501. Special Studies in Physics for Educators (1-3).** A series of courses covering basic physical concepts which provide physical science
background for teachers. Prerequisite: In-service or pre-service teacher. Does not
count as credit towards a physics degree.

**PHYS 502. Science Investigations (5).** Introductory course for prospective teachers. Basic physics concepts in mechanics,
heat, and electricity and magnetism developed through laboratory investigations. Emphasizes
science process skills and the nature of the scientific endeavor. Prerequisite: Math
111 or equivalent; In-service or pre-service teacher. Does not count as credit towards
a physics degree.

**PHYS 516. Advanced Physics Laboratory (2).** Experiments in classical and modern physics to stress scientific methods and experimental
techniques. The experiments are open ended projects requiring individual study. Corequisite:
PHYS 551.

**PHYS 517. Electronics Laboratory (2).** Experiments in electronics that treat some of the applica-tions of electronics in
scientific physics research. Experi-ments cover the uses of transistors, op-amps,
integrated and digital circuits. Prerequisite: PHYS 314.

**PHYS 551. Topics in Modern Physics (3).** An introduc-tion to selected areas of modern physics emphasizing the features of
atomic, nuclear and solid state physics that require modifications of classical physics
for their explanation. Prerequisite: PHYS 214, 303 or 314, or departmental consent.
Corequisite: MATH 344.

**PHYS 555. Modern Optics (3).** Geometrical and physical optics, coherence theory and Fourier optics. Additional
topics may include radiation, scattering, optical proper-ties of solids and optical
data processing. Prerequisites: PHYS 214, 303 or 314 and MATH 344.

**PHYS 595. Astrophysics (3).** Covers the formation, life and death of stars. Topics include: HR-diagrams, atomic
and molecular spectra, radiative and convective transfer, the structure and spectra
of stellar atmospheres, and stellar evolution. Prerequisite: PHYS 551.

**PHYS 600. Individual Readings in Physics (1–3).** Repeatable but total credit may not exceed 6 hours for physics majors. Prerequisite:
departmental consent.

**PHYS 601. Individual Readings in Astrophysics (1–3).** Studies several topics in astronomy and astrophysics in depth. Lectures, independent
readings and student projects may be assigned. May be repeated up to 6 hours. Prerequisite:
instructor’s consent.

**PHYS 616. Computational Physics Laboratory (2).** Provides a working knowledge of computational techniques with applications in both
theoretical and experimental physics, including an introduction to the FORTRAN and
C++ languages as used in physics. Corequisite: MATH 555.

**PHYS 621. Analytical Mechanics (3).** Motion of a particle or system of particles in one or several dimensions, central
forces, rotating coordinate systems, the harmonic oscillator and the Lagrangian and
Hamiltonian formula-tion of mechanics. Prerequisites: PHYS 214, 303 or 314, and MATH
344 with grades of C or better.

**PHYS 623. Advanced Mechanics (3).** Continuation of PHYS 621. Covers dynamics of a system of coupled particles, fluid
mechanics, systems with continuum dis-tributions of mass, and theory of small oscillations
all in a Lagrangian or Hamiltonian formulation. Prerequisite: PHYS 621, or MATH 553
or 555, or instructor’s consent.

**PHYS 631. Electricity and Magnetism (3).** Electric and magnetic field theory, direct and alternating currents and Maxwell’s
electromagnetic wave theory. Prerequisites: PHYS 214, 303 or 314, and MATH 344 with
grades of C or better.

**PHYS 641. Thermophysics (3).** The laws of thermody-namics, distribution functions, Boltzmann equation, transport
phenomena, fluctuations, and an introduction to statistical mechanics. Prerequisites:
PHYS 214, 303 or 314, and MATH 344.

**PHYS 651. Quantum Mechanics I (3).** Introduction to quantum mechanics, the Schrodinger equation, ele-mentary perturbation
theory and the hydrogen atom. Prerequisite: PHYS 551.

**PHYS 652. Quantum Mechanics II (3).** A continuation of PHYS 651 and covers time dependent perturbation theory, WKB, scattering,
Bell’s theorem, quantum reality, applications of quantum mechanics, and nanotechnology.
Prerequisite: PHYS 651.

**PHYS 661. Introduction to Atomic Physics (3).** Quantum mechanics is the basis of all our physical understanding of atomic and molecular
spectra. This course uses quantum mechanics to understand the nature and formation
of the spectra of one, two and many-electron atoms. A discussion of atomic collisions
is included. Corequisite: PHYS 651.

**PHYS 675. Nuclear and Particle Physics (3).** Theories of nuclear and particle physics, including experimen-tal techniques and
important features of current data. Summary of mesons, baryons and leptons, and their
electromagnetic, strong and weak nuclear force inter-actions. Phenomenological descriptions
of nuclear and high-energy scattering and particle production leading to the quark
theory of matter and other new exotic particles. Prerequisite: PHYS 551.

**PHYS 681. Solid State Physics (3).** A one-semester introduction to solid state physics, which explores and explains—in
terms of the microscopic processes that produce them—the thermal, mechanical and electronic
properties of solids. Discusses practical applications and interdisciplinary material.
Prerequisite: PHYS 551.

**PHYS 714. Theoretical Physics (3).** A study of math-ematical techniques applicable to physics and other sciences. Instructor
selects topics, such as power series, infinite products, asymptotic expansions, WKB
meth-od, contour integration and residue methods, integral transforms, Hilbert spaces,
special functions and inte-gral equations. Prerequisite: MATH 555 or instructor’s
consent.

**PHYS 730. Principles of Computer Modeling (2).** Essential elements, principles and strategies of forward and inverse numerical computer
modeling. Formula-tion of a qualitative problem (parametrization), model design, implementation,
and interpretation of model results. Working knowledge of computational tech-niques
with examples in physics, geology, chemistry and environmental sciences. Prerequisites:
PHYS 616 or EEPS 701, plus knowledge of a programming lan-guage or numerical or symbolic
mathematics package, or instructor’s consent.

**PHYS 761. Environmental Physics (3).** Covers the application of physics to the environment, including the production and
use of energy, the transport of pollutants, and the study of noise. Topics include
basic thermody-namics with applications to fossil fuels, hydroelectric, wind, geothermal
and solar energies, plus effects on global warming, pollution and climate. Prerequisites:
PHYS 303, or 313–314 and MATH 242, or EEPS 721, or instructor’s consent.

**PHYS 795. Earth and Space Physics (3).** Cross-listed as GEOL 795. An introduction to the geosciences and astrophysics of
the solar system. Topics include the surface, interior and atmospheres of the planets
with a comparative planetology approach, and the sun-planet system including solar
physics and the effect of the sun on the earth’s environment and geologic history.
Prerequisites: PHYS 303, or 313–314, and MATH 242, or EEPS 72 1, or instructor’s consent.

### Courses for Graduate Students Only

**PHYS 800. Individual Readings (1–3).** Repeatable for credit up to 3 hours. Prerequisites: 30 hours of physics and departmental
consent.

**PHYS 801. Selected Topics in Physics (2–3).** Repeat-able for credit up to 6 hours. Prerequisite: departmental consent.

**PHYS 807. Seminar (1).** Review of current periodicals; reports on student and faculty research. Repeatable
for credit up to 2 hours. Prerequisite: 20 hours of physics.

**PHYS 809. Research (1–3).** Repeatable for credit up to 6 hours.

**PHYS 811. Quantum Mechanics (3).** The Schrodinger and Heisenberg formulations of quantum mechanics. Applications include
rectangular potentials, central forces, and the harmonic oscillator. Also includes
spin, time independent and time dependent perturbation theory. Prerequisites: PHYS
621, 651 or departmental consent and MATH 555.

**PHYS 812. Advanced Quantum Mechanics (3).** Appli-cations of quantum mechanics. Topics which may be included are the WKB approximation,
scattering, N-body problem, second quantization and relativistic quantum mechanics.
Prerequisite: PHYS 811.

**PHYS 816. Methods in Experimental Physics (2).** Exper-iments in modern physics and experimental methods are covered stressing the
development of experimental techniques and how to analyze data statistically and mathematically
from these experiments. Prerequisites: PHYS 516, 517, or their equivalents.

**PHYS 821. Classical Mechanics (3).** The Lagrangian, Hamiltonian and Hamilton-Jacobi methods of mechanics and an introduction
to variational calculus. Applications selected from central forces, rigid bodies,
relativity, small oscillations and continuous media. Prerequisites: PHYS 621, MATH
555.

**PHYS 831. Classical Electricity and Magnetism (3).** Maxwell’s equations with application to static electric-ity and magnetism. Also may
include electromagnetic fields, vector potentials, Greens functions, relativity, optics
and magnetohydrodynamics. Prerequisites: PHYS 631, MATH 555.

**PHYS 871. Statistical Mechanics (3).** An introduction to the basic concepts and methods of statistical mechanics with applications
to simple physical systems. Prereq-uisites: MATH 555, PHYS 621.

**PHYS 876. Elementary Particles and Fields (3).** A survey of nuclear, elementary particle and astro-particle physics topics in the
mathematical framework of the Standard Model and its experimental verification. Stu-dents
may benefit from taking PHYS 816 prior to this course, but it is not required. Prerequisite:
PHYS 811 or departmental consent.

**PHYS 881. Solid State Physics (3).** A second course in solid state physics for students who have had an intro-duction
to the subject. Transport, dielectric and optical properties, magnetic properties,
superconductivity and applications to semi-conductor devices. Prerequisites: MATH
555, PHYS 651, 681, or departmental consent.

**PHYS 895. Advanced Astrophysics (3).** Covers topics in astrophysics in relation to stellar structure, atmo-spheres and
stellar evolution. Advanced topics in galactic dynamics, formation and cosmology may
be included. Prerequisite: PHYS 595 or instructor’s consent.

**PHYS 983. Advanced Independent Study in Physics (1–3).** Arranged individual directed study in an area of physics. Repeatable for credit with
departmental consent. Prerequisite: instructor’s consent.

**PHYS 987. PhD Dissertation (1–9).** Repeatable to a maximum of 24 hours. Graded S/U only. Prerequisite: must have passed
the PhD preliminary exam in physicsPHYS 501. Special Studies in Physics for Educators.
A series of courses covering basic physical concepts which provide physical science
background for teachers. Prerequisite: In-service or pre-service teacher. Does not
count as credit towards a physics degree.