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Maslow's hierarchy of needs

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs provides us with a convenient and easy-to-understand framework of human needs and their relationships to one another. The pyramid shape helps illustrate that the higher-up needs build on the lower-down needs, which means that the needs on the bottom of the hierarchy must be met before you can attain those higher up. You must meet basic needs, such as food, water and shelter, before you can fully attain higher level needs like safety, friendship, confidence and achievement. It is, of course, possible to work toward higher-up needs without meeting the lower ones, but it is much easier to make the Dean's list or do well in your work if you don't have to worry about where you are sleeping that night.


To learn more about what students need to succeed, as well as some of the barriers they may encounter, please click through the links below.

  • Utilizing and developing abilities
  • Achievement
  • Partnership
  • Parenting
  • Pursuing goals
Esteem Needs
  • Respect
  • Self-esteem
  • Status
  • Recognition
  • Autonomy
Social Needs
  • Friendships
  • Intimacy
  • Family
Safety Needs
  • Personal security
  • Emotional security
  • Financial security
  • Expectation that safety will persist
Physiological Needs
  • Homeostasis
  • Health
  • Food
  • Water
  • Sleep
  • Clothes
  • Shelter

Learn More about Human Needs