Transform Students Into Highly Competent Physician Assistants
Excellence in Physician Assistant Education
- Foster an enthusiastic learning environment committed to student success
- Promote patient-centered collaborative care
- Model and cultivate compassion
- Respond to the need for primary care providers in Kansas
- Encourage health care for rural and underserved populations
- Emphasize evidence-based practice and promote lifelong learning
- April 28, 2022
CASPA application opens
- September 1, 2022
All application materials must be submitted to CASPA by Sept. 1; however, in order to better ensure your application status within the CASPA system, we strongly recommend submission of all materials by August 1.
- September 1, 2022
WSU Graduate School application deadline Required by all applicants applying this cycle.
- November—December 2022
Invitations for onsite interviews are sent to select qualified applicants
- June 2, 2023
- June 5, 2023
The WSU Department of Physician Assistant offers a 26-month graduate course of study that leads to a Master of Physician Assistant degree.
Applicants interested in vying for one of the 48 slots offered annually have a strong background in the natural and clinical sciences supporting their bachelor degree. The selection process screens candidates based on past academic performance, previous health care experience, an orientation toward service and an on-site interview.
PA Students will spend their first year learning clinical medicine, how to perform a medical history and physical examination and beginning their research project. Graduate coursework included in the didactic phase includes clinical medicine, clinical laboratory, pharmacotherapy, anatomy, pathophysiology, research and evidence-based practice, clinical skills, preventive medicine and health care professional issues.
Students complete 9 clinical rotations during their second year. Focus areas include: family medicine and primary care, pediatrics, prenatal care and women’s health, emergency medicine and acute care, general surgery, behavioral health and geriatrics. The WSU PA Program enjoys the support of preceptors throughout Kansas along with a few rotations in Oklahoma, Missouri and Nebraska. In keeping with the broad range of clinical activities, students have the opportunity to experience a wide variety of clinical rotation sites including at least two rotations in a rural/undeserved location. All students will be assigned to clinical rotations outside of the urban areas and should therefore expect to spend several months in rural areas of Kansas.
The WSU Physician Assistant Program prepares students to function as health care generalists. Students are prepared to become licensed professionals and encouraged to serve in primary care areas where the health care need is greatest.
Requirements for Admission
- All applicants must have earned (or be about to earn) a bachelor’s degree from a regionally accredited institution or a recognized institution in another country whose requirements for the bachelor’s degree are substantially equivalent to a U.S. bachelor’s degree.
- Prerequisite coursework must be completed if it was not included in the bachelor degree.
- All anatomy and physiology prerequisite coursework must be less than 10 years old.
- Coursework taken at a university outside of the U.S. must be from a recognized institution in that country whose requirements for a bachelor degree are substantially equivalent to a U.S. four year bachelor degree. Foreign coursework must be evaluated by a foreign transcript evaluation service before it will be accepted for consideration by CASPA. The applicant is responsible for arranging for evaluation of all transcripts (refer to CASPA’s website for details).
- Applicants with foreign coursework must submit both official transcripts and an evaluation provided by a foreign transcript evaluation service to the WSU Grad School. (This is in addition to the CASPA application.) The WSU PA Office of Admissions cannot evaluate applications with foreign coursework until after the WSU Graduate School has determined equivalency of foreign coursework to a U.S. four-year bachelor's degree. Questions regarding this requirement should be directed to firstname.lastname@example.org. Acceptance of foreign bachelor's degrees is decided on an individual basis and after evaluation by a transcript evaluation service and the WSU Graduate School.
- Transcript evaluation is not provided by WSU PA Department personnel. Please compare your prerequisite courses to the WSU Undergraduate Catalog.
- All Core Science Prerequisites must be completed with a grade submitted and verified
on CASPA application. Transcripts received by CASPA after verification will not be
accepted by WSU PA Program. Grades must be verified by CASPA to be eligible for admission
- While all core science prerequisites must be complete before application, a candidate can apply while completing other coursework. Outside of the required and completed core science prerequisites, the bachelor degree and the non-science prerequisites (statistics, psychology and medical terminology) can be in progress at the time of application, but must be completed and verified before final approval into the program.
- A minimum GPA of 3.00 (4.0 scale) is required for both overall coursework and science
- Both GPAs will be calculated by CASPA using all courses on the transcripts you submit to CASPA and reported to us on your CASPA application.
- All prerequisite course work must be completed with a “C-” grade or higher.
- We will accept grades of "Pass" or "Credit" for course prerequisites taken during the Spring 2020 semester.
- Advanced Placement (AP) courses without a letter grade are not accepted.
- Letters of Recommendation
- 3 Letters of Recommendation must be submitted directly to CASPA and indicate “Completed” by September 1, 2022 to be accepted. We do not accept documents outside of the CASPA application.
- Selected applicants will be invited to an interview with program faculty. Attendance
is required but does not assure admission to the program.
- The interview includes (but is not limited to) an assessment of academic potential, motivation and commitment to the PA profession, and interpersonal and communication skills.
- Applicants must be able to demonstrate a commitment to diversity, leadership, and service.
- Applicants must be able to meet the Academic and Technical standards.
- Health care experience (direct patient care) is strongly preferred, but not required.
- Applicants, at their own expense, must pass a background check prior to program admission. Admitted students will be required to obtain and pass a drug screen. In addition, clinical rotation sites may also require students to undergo random serum or urine drug testing at the expense of the student. Inability or refusal to do so will require the program to suspend or dismiss the student from the program.
- Regarding applicants with foreign transcripts, we require English proficiency test scores unless the applicant has graduated from a university located in the US, UK, Canada, or New Zealand within the last two years. Also, if an applicant has an US Permanent Resident Card (Green Card), they are not required to provide an English proficiency score. Acceptable scores include either the TOEFL (minimum internet based score of 79), the Academic Module of the IELTS examination (minimum internet based score of 6.5), or the PTE-Academic (minimum internet based score of 58). To be acceptable, the score must be sent to WSU Graduate School directly from the testing agency by August 1, 2022, and must be less than two years old.
- Program requirements will not be waived for any reason. Likewise, experiential credit toward prerequisites or advanced standing will not be granted. Transfer credit policies can be found in the latest edition of the WSU Graduate Catalog.
- Student positions will not be held from year to year. If an applicant rejects or cancels an offered position at any time prior to starting the program, the individual will have to re-apply if he/she desire admission at a future date.
CORE SCIENCE PREREQUISITES FOR ADMISSION CYCLE 2022-2023
Must be complete with grade on official transcripts when application is submitted and verified by CASPA.
- 3 Semesters of Chemistry to include:
- 2 Semesters of Chemistry with Lab (excluding Intro to Chemistry)
- 1 Semester of either Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry
- 1 Semester of General Biology (or higher level biology that includes the study of human body systems)
- 1 Semester of Microbiology with Lab
- 1 Semester of Genetics
- 5 Credit Hours of Human Anatomy & Physiology with Lab (Coverage of Human Body Systems is required and lab must accompany anatomy, but is not required for physiology.)
Must be completed before the start of the program
- 1 semester of each of the following: Statistics, General Psychology or higher level Psychology, and Medical Terminology.
Transcripts with grades submitted to CASPA after application is verified are not accepted by WSU PA Program!
- Organic Chemistry or Biochemistry in addition to the required prerequisite
- Additional courses in Anatomy & Physiology beyond the required 5 hours
- Medical Ethics
- Health Care Policy
- Abnormal Psychology
- Human Nutrition
These courses and courses like these provide valuable background to prepare students for admission to the program and allow applicants to demonstrate their ability to succeed in rigorous science/medical courses similar to what they will encounter in the program.
Standardized Test Scores
GRE and PA-CAT
- We DO NOT require either the GRE or the PA-CAT scores
If you have further questions about WSU’s PA program, please email email@example.com. Most emails receive a reply within 72 hours, however some inquiries require more time, so please allow 1 week for a response.
- Transcript evaluation is not provided.
Patient Care Experience
Direct patient care experience is expected, but not required. Experience listed on your application will be verified.
EXAMPLES OF DIRECT PATIENT CARE EXPERIENCE THAT MAY BE CONSIDERED
- Medical Technologist
- Respiratory Therapist
- Military Corpsmen
- OR Technologist
- Licensed Practical Nurse
- Registered Nurse
- Dental Hygienist
- X-Ray Technologist
- Athletic Trainer
- Physical/Occupational Therapist
- Physical Therapy Assistant
- Certified Nurse Aide
- Medical Social Worker
- Mental Health Care Counselor
- Medical Assistant
- Aide in Dialysis Unit
- Optometry Assistant
- Chiropractic Assistant
EXAMPLES OF ACTIVITIES THAT ARE NOT DIRECT PATIENT CARE EXPERIENCE
- Medical records personnel or clerical worker in a medical office or hospital
- Pharmacy technician/clerk
- Observation of any kind (i.e., shadowing a physician or PA)
- Training without employment (such as EMT/MICT, etc.)
- Health care experience which is part of a health care training program (i.e., clinical rotations, field work, or internships)
- Caring for one’s own family
- Providing first aid as a coach, scout leader, etc.
Shadowing is strongly preferred, but not required. Shadowing is advantageous because it can help you better understand the role and responsibilities of a PA.
The WSU PA Program curriculum incorporates the teaching of technical skills necessary for the practice of medicine. Students must be able to perform successfully in a wide variety of clinical situations, and therefore are required to have adequate ability in physical, cognitive and behavioral areas. Students are expected to confirm their ability to meet the following standards (with or without reasonable accommodations consistent with applicable law) upon admittance to the program.
Physical abilities required for satisfactory completion of curriculum:
- The ability to observe demonstrations and other forms of instruction, as well as the observation of patients for physical evaluation. Observation necessitates the functional use of vision both at a distance and close at hand. Other sensory modalities, such as touch and smell enhance observation.
- The ability to communicate effectively in English. Communication necessitates the ability to speak, hear and perceive nonverbal communication. Writing, reading, interpreting graphs and diagrams, as well as computer literacy, are also essential for effective communication throughout the PA Program curriculum and in patient care.
- The ability to perform physical exams, diagnostic tests, surgical procedures, and treatment modalities for general and emergent medical care requires sufficient sensory and motor function. The curriculum requires that students have coordination of both gross and fine muscular movements, equilibrium and other sensory function to perform tasks such as intubation, catheterization, suturing, cast application, palpation, auscultation, administration of intravenous medication, basic life support (BLS), advanced cardiac life support (ACLS), etc.
Cognitive abilities required for satisfactory completion of curriculum:
- Analytical reasoning, problem solving, critical thinking, and the ability to intellectually grasp a large volume of information are essential for successful completion of the curriculum. These skills would include understanding of measurements and calculations. Students will be required to integrate information from patient histories, exams, and diagnostic tests and then re- late it to medical knowledge to form diagnoses and treatment plans.
Behavioral abilities required for satisfactory completion of curriculum:
- The ability to demonstrate compassion, concern for others and a motivation to service, as well as maturity that is ex- pressed through ethical and professional behavior, the ability to complete tasks without unnecessary delay, dependability to take responsibility and initiative, willingness to be flexible, and the use of clean and tactful language, are all essential to excellent medical care and successful completion of the curriculum. Practicing good judgment when choosing patient care, including the ability to identify ones limit of knowledge and seek help. Students must be able to function effectively under stress. The curriculum includes a demanding schedule, changing clinical environments, and uncertainties inherent to medical care.
- Also required, is the ability to maintain appropriate relationships with colleagues, faculty, patients and other health care professionals conducive to providing quality medical care and services.
Any applicant/student with a question about these technical standards or their ability to meet them will be strongly encouraged to discuss them with the Wichita State University Office of Disability Services prior to the interview process.
- This resource can be accessed at www.wichita.edu/disabilityservices
- Any student with an ability limitation or in need of special accommodation will be requested to notify the Program Director in writing prior to the beginning of didactic coursework or immediately upon obtaining knowledge, awareness or diagnosis of such a condition requiring accommodation.
Wichita State University is committed to providing educational opportunities to otherwise qualified students with disabilities to afford such students an opportunity equal to that provided to non-disabled students to achieve a desired educational outcome. A “qualified individual” with a disability is one who, with or without reasonable accommodations, meets Program academic requirements and Technical Standards. Students wishing to request reasonable accommodations must contact the Wichita State University Office of Disability Services (ODS).
ODS determines qualified disability status and assists students in obtaining appropriate accommodations and services. Decisions regarding reasonable accommodation are determined on a case-by-case basis taking into consideration each student’s disability-related needs, disability documentation, and program requirements. While the Program will make every effort to work with students with a disability to accommodate their disability-related needs, the Program is not required to provide accommodations that fundamentally alter or waive essential program requirements. Students should contact OSD directly at firstname.lastname@example.org or 316-978-3309.
Wichita State University is committed to making its educational programs and opportunities fully accessible to students with disabilities. I acknowledge acceptance of these standards and I understand that I should notify the Office of Disability Services (ODS) to request an academic adjustment or auxiliary aid as a reasonable accommodation for a disability. I also understand and agree to notify ODS if I have a health issue that may be a safety concern due to the nature of the Physician Assistant Program.
How To Apply
[Application 1] CASPA Application
- The Central Application Service for Physician Assistant (CASPA) Applications will
be available beginning
April 29, 2022 at https://caspa.liaisoncas.com/applicant-ux/#/login
- Supporting information, including transcripts, must be sent to CASPA as directed in
the online application.
Keep in mind this process can take significant time. It is the responsibility of the applicant to see that all
transcripts and other materials are received by CASPA before your application is verified which may only
take a day or two. Transcripts received after verification will not be accepted by WSU PA Program.
- All application materials must be submitted to CASPA by Sept. 1; however, in order to better insure your application status within the CASPA system, we strongly recommend submission of all materials by August 1.
[Application 2] Supplemental Application
- The purpose of the supplemental application is to collect additional information not
collected in the CASPA
- The supplemental application is emailed to qualified applicants to be returned by the assigned deadline. The deadline will be provided individually when the supplemental application is sent to qualifying applicants.
- This supplemental application should be submitted to the Program by the assigned deadline, along with a $75 non-refundable WSU PA Program application fee, which is payable online.
[Application 3] *Wichita State University Graduate School Application
- At the time you complete the Supplemental Application you must also complete an application to the WSU Graduate School.
- Application to the WSU Graduate School is a separate process from the CASPA application and the supplemental application and is required each admission cycle to be eligible.
- It is the responsibility of the applicant to see that unofficial transcripts are sent directly to the WSU Graduate School. Applicants with foreign coursework must submit official transcripts by August 1, 2022. All students who are offered admission to the PA program will be required to submit official transcripts before matriculation.
- Applications must be submitted no later than September 1, 2022.
- The application fee is $60.00 for Domestic applicants and $75.00 for International applicants. (fees subject to change)
- Acceptance into the WSU PA Program is contingent on acceptance by the WSU Graduate School.
*Applicants with foreign coursework must apply to the WSU Graduate School and be determined
to submitting the CASPA application.
Notice of Nondiscrimination
WSU does not discriminate in its programs and activities based on race, religion, color, national origin, gender, age, sexual orientation, marital status, political affiliation, status as a veteran, genetic information, or disability. The Director of the WSU Office of Equal Employment Opportunity has been designated to handle inquiries regarding nondiscrimination policies: (316) 978-6791.
WHAT KIND OF STUDENT ARE WE LOOKING FOR?
- Strong academic record and evidence of potential to succeed in a difficult graduate program
- Motivation and drive to achieve excellence
- Demonstrated commitment to rural/underserved populations, service, leadership, and personal and professional growth
- Compassion, humility, teachability and a value for human dignity and equality
- Respect for patient-centered, collaborative care
- Flexibility to make rapid transitions, along with maturity in handling stressful situations
- Appreciation of the unique opportunity to become a member of the PA profession
- Financial resources sufficient to support themselves without working
Program Cost - Tuition, Fees and Expenses
Tuition and fees listed are subject to change by action of the Kansas Board of Regents.
Tuition and Fees
|Semester||Credit Hours||Resident & Shocker City Partnership at $307.98 / credit hr||Shocker Select / Midwest Student Exchange at $461.98 / credit hr||Nonresident at $756.38 / credit hr|
|1st Summer Semester||7||$2,156||$3,234||$5,295|
|1st Fall Semester||21||$6,468||$9,702||$15,884|
|1st Spring Semester||22||$6,776||$10,164||$16,640|
|2nd Summer Semester||7||$2,156||$3,234||$5,295|
|2nd Fall Semester||14||$4,312||$6,468||$10,589|
|2nd Spring Semester||15||$4,620||$6,930||$11,346|
|3rd Summer Semester||7||$2,156||$3,234||$5,295|
|Additional Fees (see explanation below)||-||$18,986||$18,986||$18,986|
|Total Tuition & Fees||-||$47,628||$61,950||$89,329|
Shocker City Partnership students (residents of selected major metropolitan areas in Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma and Texas) and Legacy Tuition students (your parent, step-parent, legal guardian, grandparent or step-grandparent graduated from WSU with an associate, bachelor, master or doctoral degree) are eligible for regular in-state tuition; see https://www.wichita.edu/admissions/undergraduate/tuition_programs/index.php for those counties.
Shocker Select and Midwest Student Exchange students (residents of Arkansas, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Texas, and Wisconsin) are eligible for a 33 percent discount on out-of-state tuition; see https://www.wichita.edu/admissions/undergraduate/tuition_programs/index.php for those locations.
|Fees||Charge per credit hour or per semester||1st Summer||1st Fall||1st Spring||2nd Summer||2nd Fall||2nd Spring||3rd Summer||Total for Degree|
|WSU Campus Infrastructure Fee||$21.75 / credit hr||$152||$457||$479||$152||$209||$326||$152||$2,023|
|WSU Student Support Services Fee (Fa/Sp)||$683 / fa & sp sem||-||$683||$683||-||$683||$683||-||$2,732|
|WSU Student Support Services Fee (Sum)||$350 / sum sem||$350||-||-||$350||-||-||$350||$1,050|
|CHP Credit Hour Fee for PA Courses||$20 / credit hr||$140||$420||$440||$140||$280||$300||$140||$1,860|
|PA Program Fee||$1,400 / semester||$1,400||$1,400||$1,400||$1,400||$1,400||$1,400||$1,400||$9,800|
|PA Testing Fees||$175 / semester||$175||$175||$175||$175||$175||$175||$175||$1,225|
|PA 789L Anatomy Lab Fee||$100 / course||$100||-||-||-||-||-||-||$100|
|PA 800 Online Course Fee||$144 / course||$144||$144|
|PA Liability Insurance Fee||$26 / fall sem||-||$26||-||-||$26||-||-||$52|
|Total Fees / Semester||-||$2,317||$3,305||$3,177||$2,217||$2,869||$2,884||$2,217||$18,986|
WSU = Wichita State University; CHP = College of Health Professions; PA = Physician Assistant; Sp = Spring; Fa = Fall; Sum = Summer
Other Student Expenses**
|Admissions Background Check (~$150)||Student must obtain, pay for, and successfully pass a full background check as a condition of acceptance into the Program.|
|Clinical Year Background Check (~25)||Student may be required by some clinical rotation sites to obtain, pay for, and successfully pass a repeat background check prior to beginning rotations.|
|Fingerprint Fee (~$25)||Students may be required by some clinical rotation sites prior to beginning clinical rotations.|
|Drug Screen (~$25)||Students must obtain, pay for, and successfully pass a 10 panel drug screen before beginning clinical rotations.|
|Immunization Tracker ($35 total)||Students must subscribe to the Program's selected immunization tracking software throughout the Program.|
Students may be required to register with this service by some clinical rotation sites prior to beginning rotations.
|EXXAT Clinical Tracking Software ($150 total)||Students must have access to the Program's selected patient encounter tracking software (paid at the beginning of the clinical year).|
|iHuman Fee ($200)||Students must have access to the Program's clinical year assessment tool (Paid at the beginning of the clinical year).|
|Graduation Fees ($100)||
PA White Coat Graduation Ceremony ($100)
Program provides licensure paperwork for two states free of charge - additional requests are $20 each
|Health Insurance (cost varies by student, approx. $2,500)||Students must maintain personal health insurance throughout the Program. Cost varies by student. For information about a WSU student health insurance option see: https://www.wichita.edu/services/studenthealth/HealthInsuranceGeneral.php|
|Physical Exam & Immunizations (cost varies by student, approx. $100)||Annual physical exam required; immunizations must remain current throughout the Program. Cost varies by student.|
|Textbooks (~$1,000)||Estimated costs of textbooks for classroom and clinical instruction.|
|Supplies (~$520 total)||Additional supplies include: anatomy scrubs/lab coat ($75), anatomy gloves ($10), Program scrubs ($170), short white coat ($200), ID badges ($15), suture kit ($50).|
|Medical Equipment (~$1,000)||Medical equipment list will be discussed at Program orientation.|
|Laptop Computer (~$800)||All students must have a laptop computer. Cost varies by student.|
|Local Transportation / Housing (cost varies by student)||Transportation and living costs (room and board) are not covered during any phase of the Program. Living expenses vary by student depending on personal situation and assigned rotations during the clinical year. Average monthly rent for PA students at WSU is $750. For WSU Housing Information see: https://www.wichita.edu/student_life/housing/.|
|Additional Transportation / Housing during Clinical Year (~$2,000 - $3,000)||Transportation and living costs are not covered during any phase of the Program. Clinical rotations occur throughout Kansas and surrounding areas, and students should expect to pay for housing at one or more clinical rotation sites. Some students maintain their local housing during the clinical year and others do not. Therefore, students should expect an increase in transportation / housing during the clinical year.|
**PLEASE NOTE: Additional tuition and fees may apply as a result of remediated coursework, exams, or assessments; broken or lost laboratory equipment; and other factors affecting Program progression/completion including but not limited to deceleration and delayed graduation
First Year / Academic Year (approximately 13 Months)
First Summer Semester
PA 789 Clinical Anatomy (5 hours)
PA 789L Clinical Anatomy Lab (1 hour)
PA 717 Professional Issues (1 hour)
First Fall Semester
PA 700 Clinical Practice I (2 hours)
PA 700L Clinical Practice I Lab (1 hour)
PA 710 Advanced Pharmacotherapy I (3 hours)
PA 716 Clinical Laboratory (2 hours)
PA 718 Clinical Medicine Cardiology (3 hours)
PA 727 Preventive Medicine (2 hours)
PA 729 Clinical Behavioral Medicine (2 hours)
PA 731 Clinical Medicine Dermatology (2 hours)
PA 732 Clinical Medicine EENT (2 hours)
PA 800 Research Methods for Evidence-Based Practice (2 hours)
First Spring Semester
PA 711 Advanced Pharmacotherapy II (3 hours)
PA 719 Clinical Medicine Pulmonology (3 hours)
PA 722 Clinical Medicine Gastroenterology (3 hours)
PA 724 Clinical Medicine OB/GYN (3 hours)
PA 728 Clinical Medicine Endocrinology (2 hours)
PA 734 Clinical Medicine Neurology (2 hours)
PA 736 Clinical Practice II (2 hours)
PA 736L Clinical Practice II Lab (1 hour)
PA 741 Clinical Medicine of Bone and Joint Disease (1 hour)
PA 780 Clinical Skills (1 hour)
HP 801 Interprofessional Evidence-Based Practice (1 hour)
Second Summer Semester
PA 721 Clinical Medicine Genitourinary Renal (2 hours)
PA 742 Clinical Medicine Orthopedics (1 hour)
Second Year / Clinical Year (approximately 13 Months)
Second Summer Semester
1st Rotation Clinical Rotation (4 hours)
Second Fall Semester
PA 896 Directed Study in Research I (2 hours)
2nd through 4th Clinical Rotations (12 hours*)
Second Spring Semester
PA 897 Directed Study in Research II (2 hours)
PA 850 Experiential Learning: Professionalism, Service, Research & Interprofessional (1 hour)
5th through 7th Clinical Rotations (12 hours*)
Third Summer Semester
8th through 9th Clinical Rotations (8 hours*)
*Note credit hours will be reduced by 1 hr for the semester in which PA 809 (a 3 credit hour rotation) is taken.
List of Required Clinical Rotations
- PA 801 Clinical Rotation – Family Medicine (4 hours)
- PA 802 Clinical Rotation – Pediatric Medicine (4 hours)
- PA 803 Clinical Rotation – Women’s Health (4 hours)
- PA 804 Clinical Rotation – Internal Medicine (4 hours)
- PA 805 Clinical Rotation – Behavioral Health (4 hours)
- PA 806 Clinical Rotation – Surgery (4 hours)
- PA 807 Clinical Rotation – Emergency Medicine (4 hours)
- PA 808 Clinical Rotation – Elective I (4 hours)
- PA 809 Clinical Rotation – Elective II (3 hours)